Trata de personas en Alemania, por PAULINE CLASSEN
Human Trafficking in Germany
First of all, what is “human trafficking”?
Human trafficking is a form of exploitation of human beings which often consists of trafficking the victim from one country to another. There are different kinds of exploitation: forced/bounded labor, involuntary domestic servitude, child soldiers/labor, sexual exploitation and organ trafficking, e.g..
In Germany, for example, there is no official registry of organ trafficking. The approval of organs for transplantation is strictly regulated: only the ones that have been donated under certain conditions and at transplantation centers that are accredited by law are accepted. That states the law of transplantation which exists since the first of December, 1997. Furthermore, organ trafficking as well as the acceptance of trafficked organs are sentenced up to 5 years.
But other forms of human trafficking take place in Germany. Sexual exploitation, which can sometimes be combined with forced labor, is not an exception, even though statistics stated a decrease.
The German-polish border is known for the amount of girls from Eastern Europe who prostitute themselves there: Many of them have to absolve a so called “training” before they are allowed by their pimps to work in german brothels. These men want to break their will, to make them feel dependent of them and to get rid of any thought of escape.
That happened to Jana. She was 15 when she was offered a holiday job as a cleaning lady in Germany. Her mother even supported her in making that decision: “Yes, go, it’s the holidays”.
Already when she sat in the car, Jana realized what the men really wanted from her. But it was too late. They drugged her and brought her to the Czech Republic. She was hit, locked into a room and raped: All of that happened to break her will. Then she was sent out to the streets of Germany to prostitute herself.
This is not a rare case in Eastern Europe. Many young women vanish one day, some leave home to become a prostitute because they want to, some are hijacked, others get sold by their own mothers. Minors, flogged off for around 4500 Euro.
The ones that get tricked into prostitution are often told that they are offered a job in Germany. Being a waiter or a cleaning lady does not sound bad, does it? But when they arrive, their passports are taken away by their pimps to make them completely dependent of them, as they have no way to prove their identity and are unable to speak the language.
In addition to that, as they sometimes lack education or do not care, they abdicate condoms and risk getting AIDS and other dangerous illnesses. This is a serious problem as this behaviour supports the spread of an incurable illness.
The law of prostitution from 2002 wanted to achieve to give prostitution a better image. It should help the women to get out of illegality so that they can free themselves from their pimps, have the confidence to go to the police when they are forced to work and to get social insurance.
But in reality, that is not happening: The number of prostitutes that are officially registered by the Federal Employment Agency is 44 people, which stands in huge contrast to the estimated income of 15 billion Euro per year in the prostitution sector. So it is to state that the law has failed, as the real number of prostitutes in Germany differs between 300.000 and 400.000.
The women do not have the confidence to leave the legal limbo and to become citizens who know their rights. Others may be threatened not to do so.
To sum up, the above mentioned law has led to a liberalization of prostitution in favor of human trafficking and forced labor instead of helping women who are too scared to help themselves.
The police tries to make brothels unattractive for the suitors by controlling massively and showing constantly presence.
Besides of that, there are a lot of NGO’s which help victims of human trafficking as well as prostitutes who were forced into selling their bodies. Organizations like “In Via” (http://www.invia-berlin.de ) and “Ban-Ying” (http://www.ban-ying.de/) work together by participating in the nationwide network K.O.K., so that they are able to work more effectively.
Kinderhandel in Osteuropa (Fokus-TV-Reportage)http://youtu.be/UwdyCJ8Zvd0.com
Doku-Menschenhandel in Europa- Nachschub fuer Deutschland http://youtu.be/gY4D9wvA3FQ.com
Traducido por María Soledad Perez Lazcano.